Computing

Watch the video below and reflect on what you have learnt  from number 1 to 20. Click on the watch to access the video.

  1. Explain what you understand by the term computer virus. Give examples.
  2. Using examples explain the term computer apps.
  3. Explain the term cloud computing. Give examples to prove that you understand the term.

Instructions– Provide your answers on the part indicated below( leave a comment).

Midterm psychology: This part is for the Nairobi folks compulsory, but the rest may try it-

 

 

Section A: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQS) 20 Mark
1. In Piaget’s model of human development, when does abstract thinking emerge?
a) formal-operational stage
b) concrete operational stage
c) pre-operational stage
d) sensorimotor stage
e) sensoriformal stage
2. Which of the following alternatives describes infant behaviour?
(a) Differentiated
(b) Undifferentiated or generalized
(c) Innate
(d) Specialized

3. Human development is determined
(a) Almost solely by the genetic makeup of the individual.
(b) Turning by individual resources over which the individual has no control.
(c) By a complex of inherited and environmental force.
(d) The factors vary from individual to individual

 

4. Educational psychology should provide prospective teachers with
(a) Insight into the various aspects of modern education.
(b) Principles, insights and attitudes as points of departure for effective teaching.
(c) Research procedures by means of which to evaluate correct teaching procedures.
(d) Validate procedures to use in their teachings.
5. The major contribution educational psycho¬logy might be expected to make towards modern education lies in area of
(a) A clarification of the goals of modern education.
(b) A re-evaluation of the principles of progressivism.
(c) A reconsideration of educational experiences from the stand point of their contribution to pupil growth.
(d) A refinement of the research techniques through which educational problems might be solved.

6. The primary aim of educational psychology is
(a) To contribute to an understanding of sound educational practices.
(b) To provide the teacher with a greater appreciation of his role in the education of the child.
(c) To provide the academic background essential for effective teaching.
(d) To provide a theoretical framework for educational research.

7. One of the following is not a discipline of educational psychology:
a) Developmental psychology
b) Cognitive psychology
c) Differential psychology
d) None of the above
e) All of the above

8. Learning is:
a) Knowing how to read and write
b) Acquiring new information
c) Building on information previously learnt
d) A & B above
e) B& C above

9. A learning paradigm means:
a) Theories of learning
b) Paradise of learning
c) A set of believes pertaining to learning
d) None of the above

10. Systematic study on cognitive development was first studied by
…………………………….
a) Carl Rogers
b) Abraham Maslow
c) Jean Peaget
d) None of the above

11. ……………………………reflex is triggered by something touching the babies lips
a) Rooting
b) Grasping
c) Sucking
d) None of the above

12) ………………………………..happens when the existing schema does not work and needs to be changed to deal with a new object or situation.
a) Equilibration
b) Assimilation
c) Accommodation
d) All the above

13) The force which drives the learning process is called………………………………..
a) Assimilation
b) Accommodation
c) Equilibration
c) All the above

14) Preoperational stage of development ranges between
a) 0-5 years
b) 7-11 years
c) 2-7 years
d) 11-25 years

15) The following is a definition of the transfer of learning
a) When learning in one context enhances or undermines a related performance in another context
a) True
b) False
c) None of the above

16) …………………… is an authentic method of performance-based learning and assessment
a) Assignments
b) Learning factors
c) Teacher’s personality
d) All the above

17) All learning is transfer
a) True
b) False
c) None of the above
d) All the above

18) The teacher’s personality is an important element in the learning environment and has an effect on the failures and successes of the learner.
a) True
b) False
c) None of the above

19) Schemas refer to:
a) Rooting reflex
b) Building blocks of knowledge
c) Stages of development
d) Equilibration

20) Learned helplessness refers to:
a) A cognitive test used to asses the patient’s level of understanding of specific occupational work skills
b) A feeling of permanent helplessness arising from exposure to an unpleasant event or stimuli.
c) A lasting impairment that interferes with daily life functioning
d) All the above

Section B. Short Answer Questions (SAQs) 40 Marks

1) Explain why knowledge of psychology is important to teach effectively. (10 marks)
2) Compare, and contrast the foundations of constructivist and behavioral psychology. (10 marks)

Section A: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQS)    20 Mark

  1. In Piaget’s model of human development, when does abstract thinking emerge?
  2. a) formal-operational stage b) concrete operational stage c) pre-operational stage d) sensorimotor stage e) sensoriformal stage
  3. Which of the following alternatives describes infant behaviour?

(a) Differentiated

(b) Undifferentiated or generalized

(c) Innate

(d) Specialized

 

  1. Human development is determined

(a) Almost solely by the genetic makeup of the individual.

(b) Turning by individual resources over which the individual has no control.

(c) By a complex of inherited and environmental force.

(d) The factors vary from individual to individual

 

 

  1. Educational psychology should provide prospective teachers with

(a) Insight into the various aspects of modern education.

(b) Principles, insights and attitudes as points of departure for effective teaching.

(c) Research procedures by means of which to evaluate correct teaching procedures.

(d) Validate procedures to use in their teachings.

  1. The major contribution educational psycho­logy might be expected to make towards modern education lies in area of

(a) A clarification of the goals of modern education.

(b) A re-evaluation of the principles of progressivism.

(c) A reconsideration of educational experiences from the stand point of their contribution to pupil growth.

(d) A refinement of the research techniques through which educational problems might be solved.

 

  1. The primary aim of educational psychology is

(a) To contribute to an understanding of sound educational practices.

(b) To provide the teacher with a greater appreciation of his role in the education of the child.

(c) To provide the academic background essential for effective teaching.

(d) To provide a theoretical framework for educational research.

 

  1. One of the following is not a discipline of educational psychology:
  2. a) Developmental psychology
  3. b) Cognitive psychology
  4. c) Differential psychology
  5. d) None of the above
  6. e) All of the above

 

  1. Learning is:
  2. a) Knowing how to read and write
  3. b) Acquiring new information
  4. c) Building on information previously learnt
  5. d) A & B above
  6. e) B& C above

 

  1. A learning paradigm means:
  2. a) Theories of learning
  3. b) Paradise of learning
  4. c) A set of believes pertaining to learning
  5. d) None of the above

 

  1. Systematic study on cognitive development was first studied by

…………………………….

  1. a) Carl Rogers
  2. b) Abraham Maslow
  3. c) Jean Peaget
  4. d) None of the above

 

  1. ……………………………reflex is triggered by something touching the babies lips
  2. a) Rooting
  3. b) Grasping
  4. c) Sucking
  5. d) None of the above

 

12) ………………………………..happens when the existing schema does not work and needs to be changed to deal with a new object or situation.

  1. a) Equilibration
  2. b) Assimilation
  3. c) Accommodation
  4. d) All the above

 

13) The force which drives the learning process is called………………………………..

  1. a) Assimilation
  2. b) Accommodation
  3. c) Equilibration
  4. c) All the above

 

14) Preoperational stage of development ranges between

  1. a) 0-5 years
  2. b) 7-11 years
  3. c) 2-7 years
  4. d) 11-25 years

 

15) The following is a definition of the transfer of learning

  1. a) When learning in one context enhances or undermines a related performance in another context
  2. a) True
  3. b) False
  4. c) None of the above

 

16) …………………… is an authentic method of performance-based learning and assessment

  1. a) Assignments
  2. b) Learning factors
  3. c) Teacher’s personality
  4. d) All the above

 

17) All learning is transfer

  1. a) True
  2. b) False
  3. c) None of the above
  4. d) All the above

 

18)  The teacher’s personality is an important element in the learning environment and has an effect on the failures and successes of the learner.

  1. a) True
  2. b) False
  3. c) None of the above

 

19) Schemas refer to:

  1. a) Rooting reflex
  2. b) Building blocks of knowledge
  3. c) Stages of development
  4. d) Equilibration

 

20) Learned helplessness refers to:

  1. a) A cognitive test used to asses the patient’s level of understanding of specific occupational work skills
  2. b) A feeling of permanent helplessness arising from exposure to an unpleasant event or stimuli.
  3. c) A lasting impairment that interferes with daily life functioning
  4. d) All the above

 

Section B. Short Answer Questions (SAQs)                                     40 Marks

 

1)      Explain why knowledge of psychology is important to teach effectively. (10 marks)

2)      Compare, and contrast the foundations of constructivist and behavioral psychology. (10 marks)

3)      Identify the cognitive skill levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy, and discuss how teachers can apply the taxonomy to the constructivist model of teaching and learning. (10 marks)

 

4)      Explain the significance of Flow Theory in motivating reluctant learners. (10 marks)
3) Identify the cognitive skill levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy, and discuss how teachers can apply the taxonomy to the constructivist model of teaching and learning. (10 marks)

4) Explain the significance of Flow Theory in motivating reluctant learners. (10 marks)

20 replies to “Computing

  1. 1.computer virus is a malicious software program loaded into a users computer without the users knowledge and performs malicious actions .it can self replicate ,insert itself into other programs or files.

    Examples are spyware,storm worm virus ,trojan,ransomware,adware,and melissa viruses.

    2.Computer apps are softwares programs that run in a computer.eg web browsers
    E-mails
    Word processors that create and edit text files
    Games
    Utilities
    Spreadsheets
    Databases
    Presentation and graphics.

    3.Cloud computing relies on shared computing resources rather than having local servers or personal devicesto handle applications.Also it involves taking services and moving them outside an organisations firewall.

    Examples are;
    1.Infrustructure as a service_ involves the licensure of software application to customers.
    2.Software as a service_involves methods for delivering everything from operating systems to servers and storage through IP _based connectivity as part of an on_demand service.
    3.Platform as a service-instead of delivering software online it actually creates softwares that are delivered via the internet.

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  2. Computing
    1.Computer virus is any malware either inform of a soft ware or a program that is capable of mutating and deleting or corrupting information in a computer.
    Examples of computer viruses include Code Red, Sasser, My doom, conficker, Ransome ware, ILOVE YOU, storm worm
    2.The term Computer apps refers to devise or a program in a computer that guides and rnakes the computer work.
    Examples of apps are; Microsoft word, skype, Web browsers, media player, games, Instagram, Gmail
    3.Cloud computing is storing and accessing data and information over the internet and not in the computer hardware. This system allows management of data even remote location away from the desktop or the computer on which that information was stored as long as one is within intermnet network. An advantage of computing is that it provides safe information storage Examples of cloud computing include; l email, online banking, file storage and backup, social media, and even online shopping
    Midterm psychology:
    Section A: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQS) 20 Mark
    1. In Piaget’s model of human development, when does abstract thinking emerge?
    a) formal-operational stage

    2. Which of the following alternatives describes infant behaviour?
    (d) Specialized
    3. Human development is determined
    c) By a complex of inherited and environmental force
    4. Educational psychology should provide prospective teachers with
    a) Insight into the various aspects of modern education.

    5. The major contribution educational psychology might be expected to make towards modern education lies in area of.
    d). A refinement of the research techniques through which educational problems might be solved.
    6. The primary aim of educational psychology is
    b) To provide the teacher with a greater appreciation of his role in the education of the child
    7. One of the following is not a discipline of educational psychology:
    d) None of the above
    8. Learning is:
    e) B & C above
    9. A learning paradigm means:
    c) A set of believes pertaining to learning
    10. Systematic study on cognitive development was first studied by
    …………………………….
    c) Jean Peaget
    11. ……………………………reflex is triggered by something touching the babies lips
    c) Sucking

    12) ………………………………..happens when the existing schema does not work and needs to be changed to deal with a new object or situation.
    c) Accommodation
    13) The force which drives the learning process is called………………………………..
    a) Assimilation
    14) Preoperational stage of development ranges between
    c) 2-7 years
    15) The following is a definition of the transfer of learning
    a) When learning in one context enhances or undermines a related performance in another
    a) True
    16) …………………… is an authentic method of performance-based learning and assessment
    a) Assignments
    17) All learning is transfer
    b) False
    18) The teacher’s personality is an important element in the learning environment and has an effect on the failures and successes of the learner.
    b) False
    19) Schemas refer to:
    b) Stages of development
    20) Learned helplessness refers to:
    b) A feeling of permanent helplessness arising from exposure to an unpleasant event or stimuli

    Section B. Short Answer Questions (SAQs) 40 Marks
    1) Explain why knowledge of psychology is important to teach effectively. (10 marks)
    Teachers are the determinants of academic and social success in the lives their students. They impact the lives of the students throughout the time they are in school by their interactions with the students. For effective impact the teacher having the knowledge of psychology in relation to his students prepare long before arriving in school.
    Knowledge of psychology enables the teacher to prepare lesson, applying appropriate theories of learning. In so doing therefore, the teacher manages to attend to all students and learning is achieved.
    2) Comparing and contrasting the foundations of constructivist and behavioral psychology. (10 marks)
    Comparison and contrast between constructivist and behavioral psychology can be discussed under: How learning occur, factors influence learning, role of memory, how transfer occurs and the types of learning are best explained by the theory.
    In terms of how learning occurs, Behaviorism equates learning with changes in either the form or frequency of observable performance. Behaviorists believe that learning is accomplished when a proper response is demonstrated following the presentation of a specific environmental stimulus and they focus on the importance of the consequences of those performances and contends that responses that are followed by reinforcement are more likely to recur in the future. Constructivists on the other hand equate learning with creating meaning from experience. they believe that the mind filters input from the world to produce its own unique reaIity. According to them the mind is the source of all meaning.

    For learning to take place, behaviorists, consider both the learner and environmental factors of key impotance. Behaviorists assess the learners to determine at what point to begin instruction as well as to determine which reinforcers are most effective for a particular student. The most critical factor, however, is the arrangement of stimuli and consequences within the environment. Similarly, the constructivists also consider both learner and environmental factors to be critical for learning to take place. as it is the specific interaction between these two variables that creates knowledge.
    Role of memory in learning according to the behaviorists are not addressed, though the acquisition of habits is discussed without addressing how these habits are stored or recalled for future use.

    According to the constructivist memory” is always under construction as a cumulative history of interactions. Representations of experiences are not formalized or structured into a single piece of declarative knowledge and then stored in the head. The emphasis is not on retrieving intact knowledge structures, but on providing learners with the means to create novel and situation-specific understandings by “assembling” prior knowledge from diverse sources appropriate to the problem at hand. Constructivists emphasize the flexible use of pre-existing knowledge rather than the recall of prepackaged schemas.

    The acquired knowledge require transfer for application in new ways or situations, as well as to how prior learning affects new learning. In behavioral learning theories, transfer is a result of generalization. Situations involving identical or similar features allow behaviors to transfer across common elements. The constructivist position assumes that transfer can be facilitated by involvement in authentic tasks anchored in meaningful contexts. Since understanding is indexed by experience the authenticity of the experience becomes critical to the individual’s ability to use ideas. An essential concept in the constructivist view is that learning always takes place in a context and that the context forms an inexorable link with the knowledge embedded in.

    Different theories provide different types of learning. Behaviorists prescribe strategies that are most useful for building and strengthening stimulus-response associations, including the use of instructional cues, practice, and reinforcement. These prescriptions are reliable and effective in facilitating learning that involves discriminations (recalling facts), generalizations (defining and illustrating concepts), associations (applying explanations), and chaining (automatically performing a specified procedure). Behaviorist principles however, cannot adequately explain the acquisition of higher level skills that require a greater depth of processing. Constructivists believe that it is impossible to isolate units of information or divide up knowledge domains according to a hierarchical analysis of relationships. They describe three stages of knowledge acquisition thus; introductory, advanced, and expert making constructive learning environments most effective for the stage of advanced knowledge acquisition, where initial misconceptions and biases acquired during the introductory stage can be discovered, negotiated, and if necessary, modified and/or removed.

    FROM :HPE/U/ 01-56723/2016

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  3. Registration: HPE/U/01-57302/2016
    1. Computer Virus or worm is a self replicating made programs or softwares designed to infect and gain control over vulnerable systems in the executable codes and documents
    examples of computer viruses( any malware or programme) are: code red,Sassier, my doom, conficker, ransomeware, I LOVE YOU, storm worm
    2.Computer Apps is an abbreviation of ‘application’. it means a piece of software( Desk top or mobile) that can run through a webrowser or offline on a computer, smart phone, tablet or other electronic devices.Examples are Microsoft word, skype, Gmail, web browser, media player
    Applications may or may not be connected to the internet
    3.Cloud computing simply means computers in the cloud capable of storing and accessing data and information over the internet. This system allows management of data even in remote locations away from the desk top or computer on which that information was stored as long as one is within internet network. examples are email, online banking, file storage and back ups, social media and online shopping

    Midterm psychology: This part is for the Nairobi folks compulsory, but the rest may try it-

    Section A: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQS) 20 Mark
    1. In Piaget’s model of human development, when does abstract thinking emerge?
    a) formal-operational stage
    b) concrete operational stage
    c) pre-operational stage
    d) sensorimotor stage
    e) sensoriformal stage

    a) Formal operational stage

    2. Which of the following alternatives describes infant behaviour?
    (a) Differentiated
    (b) Undifferentiated or generalized
    (c) Innate
    (d) Specialized

    d) Specialized

    3. Human development is determined
    (a) Almost solely by the genetic makeup of the individual.
    (b) Turning by individual resources over which the individual has no control.
    (c) By a complex of inherited and environmental force.
    (d) The factors vary from individual to individual

    (c) By a complex of inherited and environmental force.

    4. Educational psychology should provide prospective teachers with
    (a) Insight into the various aspects of modern education.
    (b) Principles, insights and attitudes as points of departure for effective teaching.
    (c) Research procedures by means of which to evaluate correct teaching procedures.
    (d) Validate procedures to use in their teachings.

    (a) Insight into the various aspects of modern education.

    5. The major contribution educational psycho¬logy might be expected to make towards modern education lies in area of
    (a) A clarification of the goals of modern education.
    (b) A re-evaluation of the principles of progressivism.
    (c) A reconsideration of educational experiences from the stand point of their contribution to pupil growth.
    (d) A refinement of the research techniques through which educational problems might be solved.

    (a) A clarification of the goals of modern education.

    6. The primary aim of educational psychology is
    (a) To contribute to an understanding of sound educational practices.
    (b) To provide the teacher with a greater appreciation of his role in the education of the child.
    (c) To provide the academic background essential for effective teaching.
    (d) To provide a theoretical framework for educational research.

    (b) To provide the teacher with a greater appreciation of his role in the education of the child.

    7. One of the following is not a discipline of educational psychology:
    a) Developmental psychology
    b) Cognitive psychology
    c) Differential psychology
    d) None of the above
    e) All of the above

    c) Differential psychology

    8. Learning is:
    a) Knowing how to read and write
    b) Acquiring new information
    c) Building on information previously learnt
    d) A & B above
    e) B& C above

    e) B& C above

    9. A learning paradigm means:
    a) Theories of learning
    b) Paradise of learning
    c) A set of believes pertaining to learning
    d) None of the above

    c) A set of believes pertaining to learning

    10. Systematic study on cognitive development was first studied by
    …………………………….
    a) Carl Rogers
    b) Abraham Maslow
    c) Jean Peaget
    d) None of the above

    c) Jean Peaget

    11. ……………………………reflex is triggered by something touching the babies lips
    a) Rooting
    b) Grasping
    c) sucking
    d) None of the above

    c) sucking

    12) ………………………………..happens when the existing schema does not work and needs to be changed to deal with a new object or situation.
    a) Equilibration
    b) Assimilation
    c) Accommodation
    d) All the above

    c) Accommodation

    13) The force which drives the learning process is called………………………………..
    a) Assimilation
    b) Accommodation
    c) Equilibration
    c) All the above

    a) Assimilation

    14) Preoperational stage of development ranges between
    a) 0-5 years
    b) 7-11 years
    c) 2-7 years
    d) 11-25 years

    c) 2-7 years

    15) The following is a definition of the transfer of learning
    a) When learning in one context enhances or undermines a related performance in another context
    a) True
    b) False
    c) None of the above

    a) True

    16) …………………… is an authentic method of performance-based learning and assessment
    a) Assignments
    b) Learning factors
    c) Teacher’s personality
    d) All the above

    a) Assignments

    17) All learning is transfer
    a) True
    b) False
    c) None of the above
    d) All the above

    b) False

    18) The teacher’s personality is an important element in the learning environment and has an effect on the failures and successes of the learner.
    a) True
    b) False
    c) None of the above

    a) True

    19) Schemas refer to:
    a) Rooting reflex
    b) Building blocks of knowledge
    c) Stages of development
    d) Equilibration

    b) Building blocks of knowledge

    20) Learned helplessness refers to:
    a) A cognitive test used to asses the patient’s level of understanding of specific occupational work skills
    b) A feeling of permanent helplessness arising from exposure to an unpleasant event or stimuli.
    c) A lasting impairment that interferes with daily life functioning
    d) All the above

    b) A feeling of permanent helplessness arising from exposure to an unpleasant event or stimuli.

    Section B. Short Answer Questions (SAQs) 40 Marks

    1) Explain why knowledge of psychology is important to teach effectively. (10 marks)
    Helps in assessing the entry behaviour of pulpils to school and placement in appropriate class, undstanding and predict behaviour, using theories of leaning such as Jean Piagets, schemas and constructivists for effective learning.The understanding of Psychology makes the teacher stragegically place to facilitate learning and foster good relations with the students

    2) Compare, and contrast the foundations of constructivist and behavioral psychology. (10 marks)
    Constructivists is based on building new blocks of knowledge on already existing ones to come up with new approach of doing something. Behavioural Psychology is based on the understanding the child can only do some things according to the developmental milestone and cognitive development.The child can only do things based on age brackets according to Piaget’s Theory on child development

    3) Identify the cognitive skill levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy, and discuss how teachers can apply the taxonomy to the constructivist model of teaching and learning. (10 marks)
    These include simple recall of facts, comprehension, analysis, evaluation and innovations .
    Constructivists theory is based on building blocks and using Bloom’s theory the students can be developed into deep processors and ends up at innovations level by applying constructing and applying the new learning in a different situation

    4) Explain the significance of Flow Theory in motivating reluctant learners. (10 marks)
    This is when a learner is completely involved in what he or she is doing,concentration is high and knowing exactly step by step would be like. The teacher should be skilled enough to hit at the spot where the learner is aroused and get excited to learn though out with very clear objectives. The practical application and importance to learning must be well be stated

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  4. 1.Explain what you understand by the term computer virus. Give examples.
    Computer virus- Malicious software that can infect a computer by modifying or deleting data files boot sector of a hard disk drive or cause a software program to work in an unexpected manner.
    Examples:
    Computer worms, ransomware, spyware, adware, trojan horses, key loggers, rootkits, bootkits.

    2. Using examples explain the term computer apps.
    Computer apps- Software programs that runs on one’s computer (applications) Examples:
    Microsoft suite of products (office, excel, word, powerpoint and outlook among others) Internet browsers like firefox, safari and chrome.

    3. Explain the term cloud computing. Give examples to prove that understand the term.
    Cloud computing- The practice of using a network of remote servers hosted on the internet to store manage and process data rather than a local service or a personal computer.
    Examples:
    Communication- the cloud allows users to enjoy network based on access to communication tools like emails and calendars ;messaging apps like skype are also based on cloud infrastructure messages and information stored on the service provider hardware rather than once personal device allowing access from anywhere via the internet.
    productivity .
    social networking .
    application development.
    backup and recovery.
    business process.

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  5. 1.Explain what you understand by the term computer virus. Give examples. A computer virus is a type of malicious software that when executed replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and inserting its own code. When this replication succeeds the affected area are then said to be infected with a computer virus. Examples of computer virus : worms,ransomware,spyware, adware,Trojan horses,keyloggers, rootkits, bootkits and Melissa virus. 2 using examples explain the term computer apps. Are software programs that runs in a computer. Examples of computer apps. Word processing software, database software- it is a software that interacts with end user ,application and the database itself to capture and analyze data. Spreadsheet software- is a software in which data is arranged in rows and columns of a grid and can be manipulated and used in calculation. More examples of computer apps,presentation software ,multimedia software, enterprise software, simulation software content access software, E-mails,utility software- it is a software that corresponds toward analyzing , configuring and optimizing the computer. 3:Explain the term cloud computing, and give examples to prove what you understand. Cloud computing is shared pools of configurable computer system resources and higher level services that can be rapidly previsioned with minimal management effort, often over the internet. Cloud computing relies on sharing of resources to achieve coherence and economics of scale, similar to a public utility. Examples of cloud computing:most Google service could be considered as cloud computing like Gmail,Google calendar ,Google maps . Google maps are used for identification of places .this is an example of cloud computing since this service requires minimal management effort .

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  6. Eleazer kiplimo .SPR/B/01-03006/2017
    1 .Explain what you understand by the term computer virus and give examples.

    A computer virus is a type of malware that inserts its virus code to multiply itself by altering the programs and applications. The computer gets infected through the replication of malicious code.
    The purpose of creating a computer virus is to infect vulnerable systems, gain admin control and steal user sensitive data. Hackers design computer viruses with malicious intent and prey on online users by tricking them.
    Examples *
    Boot sector virus , polymorphic virus ,Resident virus , cavity virus , macro virus , Root viruses, computer “worms”, ransomware, spyware, adware, trojan horses, keyloggers, rootkits, bootkits, malicious Browser Helper Object (BHOs) and other malicious software.

    2Explain using examples the term computer apps.

    An application software or computer software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.
    Examples*
    Microsoft suite of products (Office, Excel, Word, PowerPoint, Outlook, etc.)
    Internet browsers like Firefox, Safari, and Chrome
    mobile pieces of software such as Pandora (for music appreciation), Skype (for real-time online communication), and Slack (for team collaboration)
    Bussiness apps.
    Enterprise Resource Planning
    Customer Relationship Management
    Project Management Software
    Business Process Management Software
    Word Processor
    Spreadsheet
    Database
    Resource Management Software
    Productivity Software

    3 Explain the term cloud printing and give examples.

    Cloud computing is shared pools of configurable computer system resources and higher level services that can be rapidly previsioned with minimal management effort, often over the internet.
    It relies on sharing of resources to achieve coherence and economics of scale, similar to a public utility.
    Examples*
    Communication- the cloud allows users to enjoy network based on access to communication tools like emails and calendars ;messaging apps like skype
    cloud infrastructure messages and information stored on the service provider hardware rather than once personal device allowing access from anywhere via the internet.
    Google maps are used for identification of places thus minimal management .
    productivity .
    social networking .
    application development.
    backup and recovery.
    business process

    Like

  7. 1..Explain what you understand by the term computer virus and give examples.

    A computer virus is a type of malware that inserts its virus code to multiply itself by altering the programs and applications. The computer gets infected through the replication of malicious code.When this replication succeeds the affected area are then said to be infected with a computer virus.
    Examples of computer viruses.
    .spolymorphic virus ,Resident virus , cavity virus , macro virus , Root viruses, computer.Trojan horses,keyloggers, rootkits, bootkits and Melissa virus.

    2Explain using examples the term computer apps.
    Computer apps are computer software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.

    Examples of computer apps.
    Office, Excel, Word, PowerPoint, Outlook,
    Bussiness apps.
    Enterprise Resource Planning
    Customer Relationship Management
    Project Management Software
    Business Process Management Software
    Word Processor
    Word processing software, database software- it is a software that interacts with end user ,application and the database itself to capture and analyze data. Spreadsheet software- is a software in which data is arranged in rows and columns of a grid and can be manipulated and used in calculation.

    3. Explain the term cloud computing. Give examples to prove that understand the term.

    Cloud computing- The practice of using a network of remote servers hosted on the internet to store manage and process data rather than a local service or a personal computer.
    Cloud computing is shared pools of configurable computer system resources and higher level services that can be rapidly previsioned with minimal management effort, often over the internet. Cloud computing relies on sharing of resources to achieve coherence and economics of scale, similar to a public utility.
    Examples:
    Communication- the cloud allows users to enjoy network based on access to communication tools like emails and calendars ;messaging apps like skype are also based on cloud infrastructure messages and information stored on the service provider hardware rather than once personal device allowing access from anywhere via the internet.
    productivity .
    social networking .
    application development.
    backup and recovery.
    business process.
    Other examples are:Gmail,Google calendar ,Google maps

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  8. 1.EXPLAIN COMPUTER VIRUS. GIVE EXAMPLE
    A computer virus is a type of malicious software that, when executed, replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and inserting its own code. When this replication succeeds, the affected areas are then said to be “infected” with a computer virus
    Examples:
    Browser Hijacker, File infector, Polymorphic Virus, Multipartite Virus, Direct Action Virus, Boot Sector Virus and Web Scripting Virus.
    2.USING EXAMPLES, EXPLAIN COMPUTER APPS
    An application, or application program, is a software program that runs on your computer. Web browsers, e-mail programs, word processors, games, and utilities are all applications. The word “application” is used because each program has a specific application for the user. For example, a word processor can help a student create a research paper, while a video game can prevent the student from getting the paper done.

    In contrast, system software consists of programs that run in the background, enabling applications to run. These programs include assemblers, compilers, file management tools, and the operating system itself. Applications are said to run on top of the system software, since the system software is made of of “low-level” programs. While system software is automatically installed with the operating system, you can choose which applications you want to install and run on your computer.

    Macintosh programs are typically called applications, while Windows programs are often referred to as executable files. This is why Mac programs use the .APP file extension, while Windows programs use the .EXE extension. Though they have different file extensions, Macintosh and Windows programs serve the same purpose and can both be called applications.
    Examples
    Microsoft suite of products (Office, Excel, Word, PowerPoint, Outlook, etc.)
    Internet browsers like Firefox, Safari, and Chrome.
    mobile pieces of software such as Pandora (for music appreciation), Skype (for real-time online communication), and Slack (for team collaboration)
    3. EXPLAIN THE TERM CLOUD COMPUTING. GIVE EXAMPLES
    Cloud computing is taking services (“cloud services”) and moving them outside an organizations firewall on shared systems. Applications and services are accessed via the Web, instead of your hard drive. In cloud computing, the services are delivered and used over the Internet and are paid for by cloud customer (your business) — typically on an “as-needed, pay-per-use” business model. The cloud infrastructure is maintained by the cloud provider, not the individual cloud customer.
    Examples of cloud computing include:
    Communication- the cloud allows users to enjoy network based on access to communication tools like emails and calendars ;messaging apps like skype
    cloud infrastructure messages and information stored on the service provider hardware rather than once personal device allowing access from anywhere via the internet.
    Google maps are used for identification of places thus minimal management .
    productivity .
    social networking .
    application development.
    backup and recovery.
    business process

    Like

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